SAN BERNARDINO—The federal education department’s Office of Civil Rights will
send a team of investigators to San Bernardino schools next week to
explore allegations that students who are not proficient in English
are being denied an adequate education.
Louis Garcia, a civil rights attorney, said he will visit
campuses with high numbers of students who speak English as a second
language. He will also meet privately with parents and district
employees. The office will investigate whether the district has
enough qualified staff for non-native English speakers and whether
school officials have monitored the effectiveness of their programs.
The Mexican-American Political Association banded together in
December with the California Parents Association, an education
advocacy group, and alleged that the San Bernardino City Unified
School District was improperly banning Hispanic children with
limited English skills from bilingual classes. About 100 parents
also signed onto the complaint.
Under Prop. 227, the anti-bilingual education initiative approved
last year, districts are required to provide bilingual classes at
schools where 20 or more parents sign waivers. Otherwise, the new
law requires all instruction to be overwhelmingly in English.
Delfina Bryant, who oversees programs for students learning
English in San Bernardino, said she was not daunted by the
“It’s fine,” Bryant said. “I feel we’ve done a lot in our
district with these programs, and if they find something wrong,
we’ll just correct it. ”
Garcia said his office rarely sends investigators to school
“But this is a big district and the allegations concern the
entire program districtwide,” he said. “We just want to get as much
information as possible. ”
Steve Figueroa, national MAPA vice president, alleged that the
district “sent spies” into the parent bilingual advisory committee
meetings and harassed the children of parents who spoke out against
alleged unfair policies and practices. He said parents complained of
being shouted at by school employees.
Marisol Naso, who coordinates many of the programs for English
learners, said that the bilingual advisory meetings are open to the
public and district staff often come to offer support, not to spy.
“Sometimes assistant principals will come to support a parent
representative of their school,” she said.
Gil Navarro, who founded the California Parents Association, said
services are denied to students with limited English proficiency in
the special education program.
“For example we need a bilingual therapist, not an
English-speaking one to evaluate the kids’ speech,” he said.
Navarro said another concern was that students who are not fluent
in English are being taught by a high proportion of teachers who are
not fully credentialed. Often children are used as translators
instead of staff, Navarro said.
Naso acknowledged that the shortage of bilingual teachers, which
has plagued school districts throughout the state, has presented a
challenge. She said the district is trying to boost recruitment
efforts and place the non-bilingual teachers with students in the
Hispanic parents have been especially vocal about concerns that
certain schools are denying a decent education to students who are
not proficient in English.
In November, Navarro helped parents at Oehl Elementary School
file a complaint charging Principal Linda Campbell with deciding to
cut bilingual classes next year without talking to parents first.
School administrators said all changes are on hold until the
district determines how many parents want their children to remain
in bilingual classes next school year.
Parent demand for bilingual education has driven Oehl, along with
other campuses, to continue to offer the programs in spite of Prop.
227’s directive that children be taught mostly in English.
Patricia Padilla, secretary of the district’s bilingual advisory
committee, complained that some parents were being pressured not to
sign up for bilingual education classes.
Naso said the district understands that parents want their
children to remain at their neighborhood campus. “We’re trying
really hard to make that happen,” she said.